Master's Program in Business Studies in the Nantes France

Top Master Degrees in Business Studies in the Nantes France

Business Studies

A Masters degree gives you the opportunity to either further your understanding of a particular question or take off in a completely different way using skills you have gained from your previous undergraduate degree.

Business studies is an academic program that is designed for students wanting to learn more about how businesses are run. Courses may include more general topics or more specific ones to help prepare students for a particular career.

France offers a superb higher education system to not only its citizens but also foreigners. The country's dynamic culture attracts foreign students and those interested in pursuing international courses. France has a tradition of scientific and technological innovation. This ensures that scholars fully utilize their creativity.

Nantes is located on the Loire River in the West France. With a headcount of more than 550,000 residents, the city is the 6th largest in France. It has several areas of leisure and hosts several annual festivals. Nantes has 2 universities and numerous of colleges around the city.

Top Master in Business Studies in the Nantes in France

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International Master in Business Analytics & Big Data (BABD)

MIP Politecnico di Milano School of Management
Campus Full time 12 

Business Analytics and Big Data is an innovative programme based on a holistic educational experience, where theory and practice are fully interlaced through the continuous support of companies and international partners. Furthermore, being in constant relationship with the Big Data Analytics & Business Intelligence Observatory of Politecnico di Milano, the course is at the forefront of research on ICTs for big data analysis and management. This truly unique programme is jointly offered by MIP and CEFRIEL - Politecnico di Milano and it is in partnership with IBM. [+]

Master Programs in Business Studies in the Nantes France. In partnership with CEFRIEL Start date: September Format: Full Time Duration: 12 months Tuition fee: € 14,000 Language: English Location: Milan Admission Requirements: 3 or 4 year Bachelor's degree (minimum 180 ECTS) Business Analytics and Big Data is an innovative programme based on a holistic educational experience, where theory and practice are fully interlaced through the continuous support of companies and international partners. Furthermore, being in constant relationship with the Big Data Analytics & Business Intelligence Observatory of Politecnico di Milano, the course is at the forefront of research on ICTs for big data analysis and management. This truly unique programme is jointly offered by MIP and CEFRIEL - Politecnico di Milano and it is in partnership with IBM. With the Big Data revolution an ever-growing number of leading organizations and governments are launching big data initiatives to gain actionable insights, drive key decisions and improve performance across all business functions. Welcome to the International Master in Business Analytics and Big Data designed to train a new generation of data-savvy professionals able to manage complex business analytics problems across a variety of different industries and environments. This truly unique programme is jointly offered by MIP and CEFRIEL- Politecnico di Milano. Be prepared for the jobs of the future as Business Analyst and Big Data Manager. The Partners MIP Politecnico di Milano: a global business school accredited by EQUIS, AMBA, EFMD and ranked by the Financial Times amongst the best European business... [-]

Advanced Master in Innovation & Entrepreneurship (AMIE)

MIP Politecnico di Milano School of Management
Campus Full time 12 

The Advanced Master in Innovation & Entrepreneurship is aimed at young graduates who want to think and act as entrepreneurs and become innovative leaders. In fact, the emergence of new technologies and the broadening of global markets create continuous opportunities for new business development and challenge the established market positions. [+]

In Partnership with Solvay Brussels Business School, Belgium Start date: September 
Duration: 12 months (6 months at MIP, 6 months at Solvay) 
Format: Full Time Course fee: € 15,000 Teaching language: English 
Location: Milan, Italy and Brussels, Belgium Required qualification: 4 or 5 year Bachelor's degree (minimum 180 ECTS) The Advanced Master in Innovation & Entrepreneurship is aimed at young graduates who want to think and act as entrepreneurs and become innovative leaders. In fact, the emergence of new technologies and the broadening of global markets create continuous opportunities for new business development and challenge the established market positions. Course Objectives These are only some of the competencies which the Master aims at developing in candidates: Learn how to develop a new business idea from the concept design to the execution. Learn to introduce and manage innovations in a cost-effective and sustainable way. Identify new market and social opportunities for new and existing businesses. Build your own personal network with managers, investors, designers, entrepreneurs, incubators, and consultants from different industries and countries. Build managerial and organizational skills, and your capability to work in team. Programme Structure The course is entirely taught in English and has a duration of 12 months starting in September, 6 months held at MIP, Milan and 6 months held at Solvay, Brussels. The programme comprises three experiential modules: The ‘New Venture Lab’ where they will have to act as an entrepreneur to create a business model of start-up from scratch. The ‘Innovation-In-Action Lab’ where they will... [-]

International Master in Environmental Management (IMEM)

West Catholic University - Université Catholique de l’Ouest
Campus Full time September 2017 France Angers

This International Master in Environmental Management (IMEM) has the objective of training future managers with a variety of skills in the ecology of natural resources, urban ecology, environmental management, sustainable development and project management. [+]

Master Programs in Business Studies in the Nantes France. This International Master in Environmental Management (IMEM) has the objective of training future managers with a variety of skills in the ecology of natural resources, urban ecology, environmental management, sustainable development and project management. The program is taught in English. UCO offers only the second year of this Master degree. It is designed for students who have graduated with a Bachelor of Arts or Science in any of the life and natural sciences AND who have completed their first year of a Master degree in a related field (biology, ecology, geography, environment, chemistry, geology, urban planning...). However, students from varied academic backgrounds such as engineering, law and management focused on environmental issues are encouraged to apply to the program. OVERVIEW During this year in environmental management you will use quantitative methods and analytical tools to manage natural and urban environments. You will learn the fundamentals of ecological theory and project management including scope definition, work planning, resource and risk management, along with human relations skills. As a graduate of this program, you’ll have an international perspective on sustainable development and environmental monitoring throughout study cases, fieldtrips, data collection and laboratory work. An internship at the end of your second year will allow you to use the skills needed to conduct independent field research projects in natural or urban environments (direct observation and data collection, research design, field methodology…). The internship can be conducted in Europe or abroad. 

 You’ll be a student... [-]

Master Ecology And Sustainable Development

West Catholic University - Université Catholique de l’Ouest
Campus Full time September 2017 France Angers

This master (bac + 5) trains executives with multi-skills in ecology of natural resources, urban ecology and environmental management in a sustainable development perspective. [+]

TRAINING OBJECTIVES Acquire knowledge and depth skills in different areas of the environment Learning to manage environmental issues through two routes to choose from: Ecology course of natural resources and sustainable development (ERNDD) facing the management of natural and anthropogenic Urban ecology course and sustainable development (EUDD) facing the management of urban ecosystems Ability to validate the IT and Internet Certificate Level 2: environmental activities and sustainable development (c2i2 MEAD). + THE TRAINING Success rate close to 100% Human scale workforce Personalized monitoring of the student Professionalizing of studies: Internship 4 months in the first year and 6 months in 2nd year Professional contract Possibility of 2nd year [training schedule adapted to alternately linked to time in Company] Tutored project in 2nd year The possibility of a semester and / or internship abroad Suitable equipment and infrastructure A vibrant student life Study tours on the themes of eco-construction and applied ecology. TRADES AND SECTORS Official representative or responsible for environmental studies Eco-Environmental Advisor / Planning Head of Sustainable Development Project Manager natural spaces Environmental Engineer Responsible for communication and mediation Development Officer and animation of the territory Independant consultant Responsible for regulatory monitoring studies Independent consultant to construction companies Domain: Science, Technology and Health Mention: Ecology, Environment Specialty: Ecology and Sustainable Development ADMISSION Hold a license (to enter M1) or M1 (to enter M2) in the following areas: biology, ecology, environment, geography, urban planning, architecture, civil engineering or energy engineering Possibility to take the training in continuing education: VAE and... [-]

Specialized Master in Collaborative Management in Food Innovation

ID4FOOD
Campus Full time September 2017 France Nantes

Collaborative innovation offers a new response to the problems faced by food companies when setting up innovation strategies. In a context of increased competition, the food industry needs cross-disciplinary executives with training in open and collaborative innovation who hold the keys to develop strategies in response to today’s and tomorrow’s economic, social and environmental issues. [+]

Master Programs in Business Studies in the Nantes France. Collaborative innovation offers a new response to the problems faced by food companies when setting up innovation strategies. In a context of increased competition, the food industry needs cross-disciplinary executives with training in open and collaborative innovation who hold the keys to develop strategies in response to today’s and tomorrow’s economic, social and environmental issues. The program ‘Mastère Spécialisé® Management Collaboratif de l’Innovation Alimentaire’ (‘Collaborative Management in Food Innovation’) aims to respond to these issues and to the needs of companies wishing to recruit cross-disciplinary executives and managers who play a major role in the innovation processes. The program ‘Mastère Spécialisé® Management Collaboratif de l’Innovation Alimentaire’ (‘Collaborative Management in Food Innovation’) is organized in partnership with: Oniris, the Nantes-Atlantic National College of Veterinary Medicine, Food Science and Engineering Audencia, The school of management of Nantes Groupe ESA, the Higher Education Institute of Agriculture L’École de design Nantes Atlantique, the school of Design The University of Nantes The diploma is endorsed by the CGE and is awarded jointly. http://www.audencia.com/ http://www.lecolededesign.com/ http://www.oniris-nantes.fr/ http://www.groupe-esa.com/ecole-agricole-groupe-esa-ecole-superieure-d-agriculture-2.kjsp?RH=GESA http://www.univ-nantes.fr/ For whom ? The program is designed to train students in the running and management of collaborative projects in food innovation. Thanks to this course, students will acquire the necessary skills for the management of cross-disciplinary projects whilst at the same time reinforcing their expertise and their original specialization. This one-year course is intended for students with a variety of profiles (engineers, marketers, designers, legal experts, etc.): who already... [-]

Master in Business Innovation (English)

University of Deusto: Deusto Business School
Campus Part time

The MBI is an Executive Master, taught in collaboration with Cambridge Judge Business School and Orkestra (Basque Institute of Competitiveness). The programme is unique in its field, integrating theory and practice and reinforcing the idea of innovation through action. It allows participants to discover new business opportunities, enhance the development and implementation of strategic ideas, create a culture that encourages innovation, facilitate the integration of R+D+I, develop an innovation project for their company and convert themselves into leaders who can drive innovation in their companies. The course consists of 6 intensive week-long modules in various locations. [+]

Program Description The MBI is an Executive Master, taught in collaboration with Cambridge Judge Business School and Orkestra (Basque Institute of Competitiveness). The programme is unique in its field, integrating theory and practice and reinforcing the idea of innovation through action. It allows participants to discover new business opportunities, enhance the development and implementation of strategic ideas, create a culture that encourages innovation, facilitate the integration of R+D+I, develop an innovation project for their company and convert themselves into leaders who can drive innovation in their companies. The course consists of 6 intensive week-long modules in various locations. 
Programme Module 1- Strategic Analysis for Innovation - Bilbao, 9th-14th May 2016 Understand the key concepts and techniques to shape companies’ innovation strategy. Module 2- Innovation Management- Florence, 27th June- 1st July 2016 Identify the key stages, methods and critical elements of innovation processes and routines. Module 3- Leadership for Innovation- San Sebastian, 26th September-1 st October 2016 Learn from history how to lead yourself and your organization going forward. Module 4- Building the Innovative Organisation- Madrid, 21st -26th November 2016 The alignment of the key functional areas to facilitate innovation. Module 5- Leveraging Innovation: Intra/entrepreneurship- Cambridge, 23rd-27th January 2017 The role of innovation in the entrepreneurial process and in firm creation. Module 6- Global Innovation Hot Spots- Bilbao, 20th-25th March 2017 Learn about distinctive innovation models from around the globe – where do you see your organization next? Admission Requirements Professional Experience: Candidates will have at least five years of professional... [-]

Master In Finance (Spanish)

University of Deusto: Deusto Business School
Campus Full time 12 

A key feature of the Master taught in Spanish is the flexibility it gives the participant making competent to work in very different fields of financial management (industrial and service companies, banks and financial institutions, asset managers, etc. [+]

Master Programs in Business Studies in the Nantes France. Program Description The main aim of the course is to acquire a professional profile with advanced training in the field of finance to allow developing positions of responsibility in this field in a short period of time. A key feature of the Master is the flexibility it gives the participant making competent to work in very different fields of financial management (industrial and service companies, banks and financial institutions, asset managers, etc. The Master in Finance is aimed at: Licensed / as or graduates / as in Administration and Management (or similar degrees) It is also open to graduates / as in other disciplines who wish to acquire a solid background in the financial field. In this case they will have to previously acquire skills in the financial sector by a Preparatory Intensive Course taking place in the months of July to September prior to the start of the program. Program Subject Corporate finance Markets Banking and Wealth Management Practices End of Master Project Admission requirements Academic requirements: Graduates / as in Business Administration (or equivalent). They have direct access to the selection process. Graduates in other degrees must perform intensive pre-master. Languages: The Master is taught primarily in Spanish and some courses in English at a level equivalent to C1 is required in both languages. Proof of English proficiency: the following titles that are equivalent to C1 may be submitted: Certificate in Advanced English - CAE BEC Higher TOEFL from... [-]

Master in Management (Spanish)

University of Deusto: Deusto Business School
Campus Full time 18 

The Master in Business Management is a Master´s Degree taught in Spanish language designed for people with training other than management (engineering, law, science, sociology, ..) areas can get the most out of their way through the program and is also suitable for People with company training obtained in countries other than Spain. [+]

Program Description The Master in Business Management is designed for people with training other than management (engineering, law, science, sociology, ..) areas can get the most out of their way through the program and is also suitable for People with company training obtained in countries other than Spain. The Master in Business Management provides comprehensive training in both knowledge and personal development and can acquire skills, abilities and attitudes of the manager. Its purpose is to train professionals who can access multiple management positions in diverse areas of national and international companies from different sectors. Also, it pays special attention to promoting own entrepreneurial skills (innovation, creativity, decision-making and implementation of the same ...), both as necessary elements to develop business ideas and own projects, for its growing importance in the world of business, where professionals with these skills are required to deal with a globalized environment changing faster and faster. Program Module A: Common Basic Training Accounting and Management Control Economic and legal context in Entrepreneurship Marketing Management Strategic Direction Financial direction People Management Process Management and Decision Making Module B: Deepening Sustainability and Responsible Innovation in an Interconnected World Advanced Management (optional content) Module C: Practice and Master's Thesis Professional practice Master's Thesis Total: 90 ECTS Admission requirements Academic Requirements Official university degree (or equivalent). People who are in the final year of college may apply for admission, in which case the final admission is conditional upon completion of studies before the Masters. They can also request access... [-]

Master in European & International Business Management (English, French and Spanish)

University of Deusto: Deusto Business School
Campus Full time 18  September 2017 France Nantes

The EIBM trains professionals to promote and lead the development of business projects - especially those with international or multicultural connotations – in collaboration with the objectives of a company and promoting its success in a committed, responsible and ethical fashion, in order to improve its competitiveness in a globalised environment. [+]

Master Programs in Business Studies in the Nantes France. Program Description The EIBM is a joint programme taught in European 3 universities and 3 languages: English, French and Spanish. It trains professionals to promote and lead the development of business projects - especially those with international or multicultural connotations – in collaboration with the objectives of a company and promoting its success in a committed, responsible and ethical fashion, in order to improve its competitiveness in a globalised environment. The EIBM Master’s is a joint, official graduate programme taught in conjunction with Deusto Business School, AUDENCIA-Nantes École de Management and Bradford. 
The EIBM takes place in three prestigious universities in three European countries (Spain, France and the UK). The management classes in each country are taught in the local languages - three of the most frequently-spoken languages in the world: Spanish, French and English. Students quickly become accustomed to new environments, ways of working and changing their location at the end of each term. Excellent linguistic proficiency is required to pursue the Master’s degree. During the programme, language skills are honed and consolidated by the 6 credits devoted to improving the oral and written levels of business in the three languages. Programme Preliminary Language course (Spanish, French and English). 1.Legal/economic context & Corporate Social Responsibility Economics
 Labour law
 European law
 Corporate social responsibility 2. Company organisation and management Organisational design
 Change management
 Project design
 Comparative international management
 Communication skills 3. Marketing & logistics Marketing
 European marketing
 Export techniques
 Purchasing management... [-]

Master in Competitiveness & Innovation (English)

University of Deusto: Deusto Business School
Campus Full time

The programme relies on a close collaboration between Deusto Business School and Orkestra- Basque Institute of Competitiveness, one of the leading authorities on understanding and promoting territorial competitiveness. [+]

Program Description The programme relies on a close collaboration between Deusto Business School and Orkestra- Basque Institute of Competitiveness, one of the leading authorities on understanding and promoting territorial competitiveness. The programme aims to develop the knowledge and capabilities necessary to identify and analyse the key factors driving competitiveness and innovation at the organisational and territorial levels. It will promote an understanding of the key relationships between these levels of analysis that will support effective decision making amidst the complexity of real-world innovation and competitiveness. Programme
 Basic common training: Semester 1 (September-January) 

a) Competitiveness and innovation: theoretical foundations Competitiveness and innovation theories Territorial competitiveness and innovation systems Business competitiveness and innovation management b) Responsible sustainability and innovation in an interconnected world

 Candidates may choose one of these itineraries: Semester 2 (February-June)

 c.1) Strategic Projects in Competitiveness and Innovation: Professional itinerary Change and innovation management Value creation Practicum Master’s Final Thesis c.2) First Steps in Competitiveness and Innovation Research: Research itinerary Theories and scientific bases focused on competitiveness and innovation research Research methods, and skills on academic research communication Master’s Final Thesis Total: 60 ECTS
 Admission requirements Academic qualifications:

 Degree in Business Management or a related discipline that contains a significant focus on business/management subjects If applicants have a degree in an unrelated discipline, professional experience with strategic projects in the fields of competitiveness and administration may be considered as relevant, but entry will be conditional on passing an entrance exam. Candidates who are in the final year of their undergraduate... [-]

Master in International Business (English)

University of Deusto: Deusto Business School
Campus Full time

This Master’s offers future managers the appropriate expertise to recognise international business opportunities and to design and implement international business strategy, taking into account the key elements of international management (marketing, finance, human resources, etc) of each country. [+]

Master Programs in Business Studies in the Nantes France. Program Description This Master’s offers future managers the appropriate expertise to recognise international business opportunities and to design and implement international business strategy, taking into account the key elements of international management (marketing, finance, human resources, etc) of each country. The programme trains participants to become specialists in international business management by emphasising the uniqueness of the global geographical areas and developing the necessary skills for working in multicultural teams. Programme Module: Advanced Topics in Global Management
 International Strategy
 International Marketing 
International HH.RR and Career Development
 International Economics and Law 
International Finance and Tax Systems Module: Doing Business in International Markets 
 Doing Business in Asia
 Doing Business in Ibero America
 Doing Business in Europe
 Doing Business in US/Canada, Africa and Oceania Module: Sustainability and responsible innovation in an interconnected world Module: Internship Module: Final Thesis Total: 60 ECTS Admission Requirements Academic qualifications: 

Graduates of Business Management and Administration (or equivalent) or related university degrees.
 Candidates who are in the final year of their undergraduate studies may also apply, although the definitive offer of a place on the MIB programme will be conditional on the successful completion of their studies. English level: 

 The following accreditations may be submitted: 
 - Certificate in Advanced English – CAE
 - BEC Higher
 - TOEFL (above 80 points)
 - IELTS (above 6.5 points) Failing such accreditations, candidates also have the possibility to take an internal level test organised by the Language Institute of Deusto University, or to... [-]

Management And International Skills (ms MCI)

Audencia Business School
Campus Full time 12 - 15  September 2017 France Nantes

The Spécialisé® Master in Management and International Competencies trains future managers with the most comprehensive business strategy possible, but also multicultural project management and international contexts [+]

The Spécialisé® Master in Management and International Competencies trains future managers to the fullest possible corporate strategy, but also to the management of multicultural projects and international contexts. Throughout the curriculum, openness to the world and the strategic relations between the countries are particularly thorough in order to prepare the new leaders managing teams of varying cultures. Exploration 360 international management The Spécialisé® Master Program in Management and International Competencies harmonizes throughout the curriculum to balance theory and applied transversal projects Managerial and Skills internationally (40%) Corporate Finance Advanced management control and audit Entrepreneurship Sale Negotiation Shopping Skills and attitudes (30%) International management skills: team building, leadership, business ethics International Strategic Management Expatriation Managing projects from a global perspective Fundamental management (30%) Strategy Finance Organization and Change Marketing Human ressources Business Law Overall responsibility 4 to 6 months corporate internship In parallel courses and projects, a module dedicated to the personal development where everyone is accompanied individually throughout the year to prepare for APPLY, build a career plan, preparing her career, choose a course and prepare his professional thesis. The application of land-studies and projects carried out in partnership with renowned companies The objective of these projects is to rapidly confront the complex and competitive international environment, discover the opportunities as well as risks and strategic issues related to international development and then know how to drive a consultancy mission to an enterprise. Some sample projects made in 2013-2014: Strategic positioning study of a company in the markets of the... [-]

Global Management Of Purchasing And Supply Chain (ms Masc)

Audencia Business School
Campus Full time Part time 12 - 15  September 2017 France Nantes + 1 more

The MS MASC enables the acquisition of a double competence with a deepening of Purchasing and Supply Chain functions. The skills developed during the program are all the business strategy, the overall management, expertise applied, the multicultural approach, anticipation and innovation. [+]

Master Programs in Business Studies in the Nantes France. The MS MASC enables the acquisition of a double competence with a deepening of Purchasing and Supply Chain functions. The skills developed during the program are all the business strategy, the overall management, expertise applied, the multicultural approach, anticipation and innovation. The Spécialisé® Master in Management Global Purchasing and Supply Chain is aimed to both students and executives in business. The right balance between the functions Purchasing and Supply Chain Long relegated to the simple role of implementation, the purchasing function has since greatly increased responsibilities strategically in the heart of the company: it is now an indispensable ally marketing and R & D partners for its innovative discovery mission. Recent changes in this sector will now offer new career opportunities to tackle.   Supply Chain, Meanwhile, aims to implement the optimization levers all the logistics. He must give the course, arbitrate between various priorities and synchronize different organizational functions. His manager is therefore a real conductor who brings together, among themselves, the many corporate stakeholders. Supply Chain and at the crossroads of the company, has now become the indispensable relay for good growth of the firm. The director of the supply chain is also often a full member of the upper echelons of the company which suggests a bright future for this function. Exploration 360 industrial MASC The MS program is consistent throughout the curriculum to balance theory and applied transversal projects. Fundamentals of management (30%) Strategy Trading and Marketing Management... [-]

Finance, Risk And Control (ms Frc)

Audencia Business School
Campus Full time 12 - 15  September 2017 France Nantes

The Master program Spécialisé®en Finance, Risk and Control harmonizes throughout the curriculum to balance theory and applied transversal projects. [+]

Exploration 360 Financial Markets The Spécialisé® Master Program in Finance, Risk and Control harmonizes throughout the curriculum to balance theory and applied transversal projects. Corporate Finance (45%) Measure, analyze and improve financial performance Financial Cycle Profitability Value Creation Financial Analysis Investment Financial flows Finance market (35%) Develop sophisticated financial strategies tailored to the needs of modern globalized economies Financial globalization Generation financial products Foreign exchange market organization Functioning of market halls Process Management Control of financial institutions Risk Management (20%) Understanding the functioning of markets, risk analysis and control issues Type of risks in financial markets Statistical process control Evaluation of financial assets Mathematisation risk Portfolio management 4 to 6 months corporate internship In parallel courses and projects, a module dedicated to the personal development where everyone is accompanied individually throughout the year to prepare for APPLY, build a career plan, preparing her career, choose a course and prepare his professional thesis The trading room An outstanding opportunity to put daily in real situations One of the main strengths of Spécialisé® Master in Finance, Risk and Control is undoubtedly the trading room. This valuable tool at the disposal of the privileged circle are the students in the program and thus makes this unique Master. His unlimited access indeed allows them to organize themselves to use the trading room and search for useful information in the development of analysis. The professional thesis: a guarantee of expertise for employers The graduation of Master Spécialisé® assumes defense of a professional thesis. This is... [-]

Specialized Master Collaborative Management Of Food Innovation

Audencia Business School
Campus Full time September 2017 France Nantes

The vocation of the Specialized Master in Management Collaborative Innovation Food is to train students to control and management of collaborative food innovation projects in a multicultural context. [+]

Master Programs in Business Studies in the Nantes France. The vocation of the Specialized Master in Management Collaborative Innovation Food is to train students to control and management of collaborative food innovation projects in a multicultural context. With this training, students will gain the skills and attitudes needed to manage collaborative projects food innovation while reinforcing their expertise and their original specialty. This Specialized Master is unique: its orientation: innovative food projects, by its active learning: Learning For Problems and Projects For related agribusiness partners by its innovative training devices: a co-design space, an experimental kitchen, prototyping equipment, food technology hall, a room for sensory analysis and laboratory store. These devices allow to realize projects and new ideas to confront the difficulties inherent in innovation issues. The diagram below shows the organization of the program: [-]