The University was founded in the aftermath of the terrible earthquake of 1980. On November 23, a shake of the tenth degree of the Mercalli scale (magnitude 6.9) he destroyed the Campania and Basilicata causing 2,914 deaths. The earthquake was followed by the intervention of the state for the process of reconstruction of the areas affected by the earthquake, with the approval of Law 219 of 1981, which actually stood our university project.
"That's why we celebrate our annual dies academicus November 23 of each year, because the university is for the people of Lucania sign of rebirth and resurrection, the glorious return to life, aware of hope towards a better future."
(Cosimo Damiano Fonseca, Rector of the University of Basilicata, welcome address on the occasion of the Pope's visit, 1991) In fact, the principle underlying the establishment of a University of Basilicata goes back to the previous decade. The newly formed Region Basilicata churches fact to Formez (Training Centre and studies for Southern Italy) November 9, 1971 a preliminary study, which was carried out by a special working group and delivered February 13, 1973.
But it was only after the 1980 earthquake, and the laws of 1981, the project had a real and substantial boost. The embryo of the University, in fact, is enclosed in Articles 39 to 45 of Law 219. In particular, is the 39 laid the first stone Virtual: "With effect from the academic year 1982 to 1983 and 'set the State University of Basilicata studies based in power".
Immediately after they left all our procedures to put up the academic structure, from a regulatory point of view, organizational and logistical.
The "building process" University then passes to April 27, 1982, with the establishment of the Technical and Administrative Committee (composed of representatives of the Region, the Ministry of Education and politicians Lucan), to get to 21 July 1982 inauguration day of the academic Senate in Rome, the headquarters of the Directorate general for higher education. From 1 November 1982, the Presidencies of the Committee and of the Senate were taken by Cosimo Damiano Fonseca, first rector of the University of Basilicata (a position he held until the academic year 1993-1994). On 30 August 1983 the Statute of the new Lucan University was approved by Decree of the President of the Republic: the technical-scientific committee that drafted him were part Sabino Cassese, Giovanni Marongiu, Junius and Sergio Luzzatto Zoppi.
Four faculties are well established (Agriculture, Engineering, Science, Literature) with nine degree programs. hydraulic engineering represented an innovation in the training supply scenario, to which was added another innovation to science teaching that area: soil conservation and land use planning. On 23 November 1983 he was the President of the Republic, Sandro Pertini, to inaugurate the 1983-1984 academic year, starting in fact the activities of the nine degree programs. During the inaugural ceremony, the rector Fonseca also he specified data on first registrations, '' with a question that turned out to be much larger than expected ": 892 members in total up to 5 November of that year, the which 63 percent male and 37 percent female. 38 percent chose Agriculture, 31 percent engineering and 20 percent Letters. In the first academic year members will then be a total of 904. The student population, after a first static two years, in the academic year 1986-1987 will be of 1,530 persons (831 males and 698 women), to 2,237 in 1989 and 4,167 in 1994, to reach the figure of five thousand subscribers (according to forecasts the initial project) in the academic year 1999-2000, and get to 7,500 in 2002-2003.
Stepping back to dell'Unibas history, it was the same Pertini, September 18, 1984 to sign the decree for the granting of the seal at the University. The first academic center was the one realized in Potenza, via Nazario Sauro, an area of 142 square meters (compared to about 96,000 today on which extend the poles of Potenza and Matera). At the end of 1986 it was later opened the inter-library, in Potenza, via Acerenza, which today has its headquarters in via Nazario Sauro: The collection of books was about 56,000 volumes, to which were added other 7,500, from different donations . On 13 July 1988 another of those important days marked on the University calendar Lucan: the new Head of State, Francesco Cossiga, in fact, receives in the Quirinal the first graduates. On November 26, it was instead a prime minister, Ciriaco De Mita, to attend the inauguration of the 1988-1989 academic year. And it was De Mita, in 1990, to participate again at the opening of the academic year. The ceremony was enriched, however, another historical moment: it was signed the parchment for the laying of the foundation stone of the Polo Macchia Romana, designed to give the University a second pole in the Lucan capital, after the original one of Francioso.
In 1989 he was then set up the Irsub (Regional Institute for the right to study) that becomes ARDSU in 1997, the Regional Agency for the Right to Education, for care services to students (catering, accommodation, scholarships , Socrates, Erasmus projects).
1991 is the year of the great visits to the young university. The first was that of Pope John Paul II on April 28 back in Basilicata after the tragedy of the earthquake, who remembers him close to Lucan populations, to receive from the hands of the rector of the tenth anniversary medal.
"The university is dedicated to the culture of course the more conscious and engaged form. It has, therefore, a native and essential relationship with the man. Cultural research, which articulated process of humanization, involves all reality, from the person to the community, from nature to art, from the social structures of the institutions, and aims to make them consistently more human, more consistent, that is, to the dignity and freedom of 'man".
(John Paul II, speech in the auditorium dell'Unibas, 1991)
Just under a month later, May 14, 1991, is instead the President of the Republic, Francesco Cossiga, to receive the medal and to continue the path traced by his predecessor, Sandro Pertini, who held baptism to the University.
"These young people want to say that first of all must not miss the wonderful opportunity, I would say the magical occasion, that they have in these years of study and research. For years, they will never come again. (...) I to you, boys of Basilicata, I want to address another invitation that, as all the invitations also has exceptions, my call is to have the courage to stay in this unfortunate the South, and in this poor land of your Badlands " .
(Francesco Cossiga to Lucan students, speech in the auditorium dell'Unibas, 1991) After Cossiga, all presidents of the Republic will visit the University: December 6, 1993 it's up to Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, recently elected, participate in the inauguration 1993-1994 academic year. After Scalfaro, it will be the turn of Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, September 19, 2001, and later that of Giorgio Napolitano, October 2, 2009.
The headquarters of Matera, however, was officially inaugurated in 1992: February 7 was the Sassi city to host the opening ceremony of the academic year 1992-1993 in the building that houses the school of specialization in Archaeology (compared to the ceremonies of November headquarters in Potenza), just to emphasize the event. Also in 1992, but on May 14, he laid the first stone for the construction of the scientific center of Macchia Romana, power: the structure (whose preliminary project was approved in 1987) was inaugurated on 11 February 2000, for completing the 'University of Basilicata the "map" of the seats as it is today.
From 2010 to 2012, the legislative reforms have implemented a change in the structure of the University. The provisions of Law 240 of 2010 - "Rules on the organization of universities, academic staff and recruitment" - regulated the procedures under which the University has changed the statute, relating to governing bodies and joint internal. Were established in 2012 are six primary structures (four departments - the Department of European and Mediterranean Cultures: architecture, environment, cultural heritage (DECEM), Department of Mathematics, Computer Science and Economics (DiMIE), Department of Science (DiS) and Department of Human Sciences (Disu) - and two schools, Engineering (SI-UniBas) and Agricultural Sciences, Forestry, Food and Environmental SAFE), in which it has transferred the functions of the existing twelve Departments and eight faculties.
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